28/09/2021

THAILAND DAILY

NEWSPAPER / MAGAZINE / PUBLISHER

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G7 reaches roadmap on future engagement with Afghanistan’s Taliban

The G-7 reached an agreement Tuesday about how to engage with the Taliban and reaffirmed humanitarian commitments to Afghans following the armed movement’s takeover of the country.

In an emergency online meeting chaired by the United Kingdom, the G-7 also asked the Taliban to guarantee the safe passage of all Afghans seeking to leave beyond the United States-mandated deadline of Aug. 31.

“We affirm our enduring commitment to the people of Afghanistan, including through a renewed humanitarian effort by the international community. To this end we support the United Nation in coordinating the immediate international humanitarian response in the region, including unfettered humanitarian access in Afghanistan, and will contribute collectively to that response,” the G-7 said in a statement.

“As we do this, we will judge the Afghan parties by their actions, not words. In particular, we reaffirm that the Taliban will be held accountable for their actions on preventing terrorism, on human rights in particular those of women, girls and minorities and on pursuing an inclusive political settlement in Afghanistan. The legitimacy of any future government depends on the approach it now takes to uphold its international obligations and commitments to ensure a stable Afghanistan,” it said.

The immediate priority, it said, is to ensure the safe evacuation of all foreign nationals in Afghanistan as well as Afghans who supported NATO coalition forces during the 20-year conflict.

The group made it clear that it will continue to coordinate with the Taliban to ensure evacuations continue without incident.

The statement from the world’s most powerful and wealthy nations was published on the same day that U.S. President Joe Biden refused to extend the evacuation deadline and has stuck with his earlier decision.

U.K. efforts to persuade the U.S. to extend evacuations have seemingly failed and the Taliban have warned that any extension would be met with “consequences.”

“You’ve heard what the president of the U.S. has said and you’ve heard what the Taliban have said. I think you’ve got to understand the context in which we’re doing this. We’re confident we can get thousands more out,” British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said in a statement after the meeting.

“The number one condition, we’re setting as G-7 is that they (the Taliban) have got to guarantee, through Aug. 31 and beyond, safe passage. Safe passage for those who want to come out. Some of them will say that they don’t accept that and some I hope I will see the sense of that because the G-7 has very considerable leverage, economic, diplomatic, and political,” he said.

Johnson warned that the G-7 has “huge leverage” against the Taliban, particularly economic, as the majority of Afghanistan’s financial assets reside in banks outside the country – assets that will be vital to a future Taliban government looking to rebuild the country and feed its people.

The U.K. prime minister also said Afghanistan cannot become a breeding ground for terrorism and that the rights of women and girls must be upheld.

“We want to help with the humanitarian crisis … but when it comes to engaging with the Taliban, the G-7 has huge leverage. The G-7 agreed on a road map for future engagement with the Taliban.”

“So if those huge funds are going to be unfrozen eventually for use by the government and people of Afghanistan, then, what we’re saying is Afghanistan can’t lurch back into becoming a breeding ground of terror; Afghanistan can’t become a narco-state; girls have got to be educated up to the age of 18 and, and so on. Those are important things that we value as G-7,” he added.

The Taliban declared the war in Afghanistan over after taking control of the presidential palace in Kabul, while Western nations scrambled Monday to evacuate their citizens amid chaos at Kabul Hamid Karzai International Airport as frantic Afghans searched for a way out.

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani said Sunday, “The Taliban have won with the judgment of their swords and guns, and are now responsible for the honor, property and self-preservation of their countrymen,” after fleeing the country as the militants entered the capital virtually unopposed, saying he wanted to avoid bloodshed. The ensuing hours saw hundreds of Afghans desperate to leave Kabul airport.

“Today is a great day for the Afghan people and the mujahedeen. They have witnessed the fruits of their efforts and their sacrifices for 20 years,” Mohammad Naeem, the spokesperson for the Taliban’s political office, told Qatar-based media outlet Al-Jazeera TV. “Thanks to God, the war is over in the country,” he said.

It took the Taliban just over a week to seize control of the country after a lightning sweep that ended in Kabul as government forces, trained for two decades and equipped by the U.S. and others at a cost of billions of dollars, melted away.

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